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DNS Tools - Core
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- Last Review: May 4, 2016

Home > NetScanTools Pro > Technical Details > DNS Tools - Core

DNS Tools - Core Description

About DNS Tools - Core

DNS Tools - Core are a collection of powerful tools for querying DNS servers. Use the tools to troubleshoot DNS settings or determine other name resolution problems. This is a core set of DNS tools that let you see resource records stored in DNS.

Related Tools

  • DNS Tools - Advanced

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Version 11 DNS Tools - Core Slideshow

Important Notes:

  • Supports IPv4 connected DNS only, but will do IPv6 record queries.

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Purpose of DNS Tools - Core and a Video Overview

  • The purpose of this tool is to give you a set of tools for querying a DNS for specific resource records or sets of resource records. It also gives you two tools for querying the DNS assigned to your computer through DHCP or other means and it gives you a tool for clearing the cache used by your default DNS.
Watch a Video Overview of DNS Tools - Core.

Tool Capabilities - Simple DNS Queries using your default DNS

Simple Query. This tool uses your operating system's built-in resolver to do a basic DNS query. It accepts an IPv4 address or hostname and queries your default name servers for the resolution. Your operating system may also attempt to determine the NetBIOS computer name if the default DNS fails to respond to an IP address query. Both IPv4 and IPv6 are supported, but you need an IPv6 capable operating system like Windows 10, 8.x, 7 or Vista to do IPv6 queries.

[Start Query]
Looking up [www.facebook.com]
Hostname: www.facebook.com
IP Address: 69.171.228.40

Timestamp: 11/07/11 16:56:14
[End Query]
 

[Start Query]
Looking up [www.v6.facebook.com]
Response #1:
IPv6 address: 2620:0:1cfe:face:b00c::3

Timestamp: 11/07/11 16:54:54
[End Query]

Tool Capabilities - Who Am I and Test Default Servers

Who Am I? This button asks queries your system for it's Windows computer name. Then it uses that name to obtain the IP addresses and any aliases assigned to your computer. It shows the list of default DNS name servers used by your computer.

This Computer's Name and IP Address:
Hostname: OldDell
IP Address: 192.168.0.58

Domain Name:

DNS Server IP Address(es):
208.200.248.1
208.200.248.8

Test Default Servers. This tool takes an IP address or hostname and requests the A or PTR record from each DNS name server assigned to your computer. This tells you if each default DNS is working or communicating properly when a simple name resolution query is made by any internet enabled program.

Test of each Default DNS using an 'A' record query for microsoft.com
Starting Timestamp: 01/21/09 11:25:45

Testing 208.200.248.1
Server Reply Code: No Error.
Server can do recursion.
A Record: 207.46.232.182
A Record: 207.46.197.32
Server Response Time = 0.047 seconds

Testing 208.200.248.8
Server Reply Code: No Error.
Server can do recursion.
A Record: 207.46.232.182
A Record: 207.46.197.32
Server Response Time = 0.078 seconds

NSLOOKUP (Name Server Lookup)

NSLOOKUP. This tool functions like the UNIX or Windows command line nslookup program. It uses the parameters specified in Setup to define which records are requested from DNS. Unlike Simple Query, you can specify exactly which DNS server to use with your NSLOOKUP, AXFR, or DIG queries -- the DNS can be anywhere reachable through the network. We support 47 record types including the popular A, ANY, CNAME, MX, NS, PTR, SOA, and TXT types. A typical 'ANY' query result is shown below:

nslookup screenshot

DiG (Domain Information Groper)

DiG (Domain Information Groper) is similar in functionality to NSLOOKUP, however, it provides much more detailed information. Our current output format is based on Dig version 9.x.

DIG screenshot

DiG +trace provides a traceback to the root servers of all delegated zone responsible name servers down to the authoritative host for the domain or IP address you entered. This example shows a query of nwpsw.com.

[Start Query]
DiG Starting Timestamp: 01/21/09 11:32:42

; <<>> DiG 9.x <<>> nwpsw.com +trace
. 423436 IN NS K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
. 423436 IN NS E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET
;; Received 228 bytes from 208.200.248.8 (208.200.248.8) in 62 ms

com. 172800 IN NS a.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS b.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS c.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS d.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS e.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS f.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS g.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS h.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS i.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS j.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS k.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS l.gtld-servers.net
com. 172800 IN NS m.gtld-servers.net
;; Received 509 bytes from K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET (193.0.14.129) in 203 ms

nwpsw.com. 172800 IN NS ns100.apollohosting.com
nwpsw.com. 172800 IN NS ns101.apollohosting.com
;; Received 113 bytes from a.gtld-servers.net (192.5.6.30) in 219 ms

nwpsw.com. 86400 IN SOA ns100.apollohosting.com nstadmin.sampledomain.com 2009010901l 10800l 3600l 604800l 10800l
nwpsw.com. 86400 IN NS ns100.apollohosting.com
nwpsw.com. 86400 IN NS ns101.apollohosting.com
nwpsw.com. 86400 IN A 74.126.192.136
nwpsw.com. 86400 IN MX mailboxcop.com
;; Received 213 bytes from ns100.apollohosting.com (66.242.27.250) in 219 ms

[End Query]

Zone Transfer (Automatic or Manual)

This tool can show all the devices registered in a DNS zone that defines a domain using a 'zone transfer' request. We provide two types of Zone Transfer: one attempts to automatically locate the Authoritative host to make the transfer possible and the other allows you to specify the Authoritative DNS for the Zone. DNS servers that implement tight security will not allow you to do a zone transfer unless you are on an approved IP address list. Transfer method is TCP using AXFR DNS protocol.
 
list domain screenshot
 

Get Basic DNS Records

This tool retrieves a set of DNS records from the Current DNS Server all at once. The records we request are A, AAAA, NS, MX, CNAME, PTR, and TXT.

 [Start Query]
Starting Timestamp: 11/07/11 17:11:50
Basic DNS Records for google.com
Source DNS: 8.8.8.8

Requesting SOA (start of zone authority) Record
google.com. 86399 IN SOA ns1.google.com dns-admin.google.com 2011110200l 7200l 1800l 1209600l 300l

Requesting A (IPv4 address) Record
google.com. 295 IN A 74.125.53.106
google.com. 295 IN A 74.125.53.104
google.com. 295 IN A 74.125.53.105
google.com. 295 IN A 74.125.53.103
google.com. 295 IN A 74.125.53.99
google.com. 295 IN A 74.125.53.147

Requesting AAAA (IPv6 address) Record
DNS did not have an answer to our request.

Requesting NS (name server) Record
google.com. 37485 IN NS ns2.google.com
google.com. 37485 IN NS ns3.google.com
google.com. 37485 IN NS ns1.google.com
google.com. 37485 IN NS ns4.google.com

Requesting MX (mail exchange) Record
google.com. 600 IN MX alt4.aspmx.l.google.com
google.com. 600 IN MX alt1.aspmx.l.google.com
google.com. 600 IN MX alt3.aspmx.l.google.com
google.com. 600 IN MX alt2.aspmx.l.google.com
google.com. 600 IN MX aspmx.l.google.com

Requesting CNAME (host alias name) Record
DNS did not have an answer to our request.

Requesting PTR (pointer) Record
DNS did not have an answer to our request.

Requesting TXT (general text) Record
google.com. 3600 IN TXT v=spf1 include:_netblocks.google.com ip4:216.73.93.70/31 ip4:216.73.93.72/31 ~all
[End Query]

 

Hosts File Editor and Flush Default DNS Cache

Two additional parts of DNS Tools - Core are the Hosts File Editor and Flush Default DNS Cache.

The Hosts file is used by Windows (and other operating systems) as a local database for resolving hostnames to IP addresses and vice versa. If something is in the hosts file, TCP/IP uses the information found in the hosts file instead of querying DNS. The hosts file is a simple text file and we have provided an editor to help you manage it.

Flush Default DNS Cache does what it says - it clears your local cache of IP addresses and hostnames that were recently resolved. It accomplishes exactly the same thing as doing ipconfig /flushdns from the command line. This only affects names and IPs resolved by your TCP/IP networking subsystem, it does not affect anything resolved using our nslookup or dig tools.
 

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